broth

[OE] Broth comes ultimately from the Indo-European base *bhreu- or *bhru- ‘heat, boil’, which also produced brew and fervent. Etymologically, therefore, it means ‘liquid in which something has been boiled’. The notion of ‘heating’ has now disappeared, but it seems to have survived into the modern English period, as is shown by such compounds as snow-broth ‘melted snow’, first recorded at the end of the 16th century. The Germanic form *brotham was borrowed into Vulgar Latin as *brodo, which came via Old French broez into 13th-century English as broys or browes. This survives in Scottish English as brose ‘type of porridge’, as in Atholl brose. => BREW, FERVENT, IMBRUE

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:
(in which meat has been macerated)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Broth — Broth, n. [AS. bro[eth]; akin to OHG. brod, brot; cf. Ir. broth, Gael. brot. [root]93. Cf. {Brewis}, {Brew}.] Liquid in which flesh (and sometimes other substances, as barley or rice) has been boiled; thin or simple soup. [1913 Webster] I am sure …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • broth — [brɔθ US bro:θ] n [U and C] [: Old English;] soup with meat, rice, or vegetables ▪ chicken broth →↑Scotch broth …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • broth|el — «BROTH uhl, BROTH ; BRTH , BRTH », noun. a house of prostitution. ╂[Middle English brothel abandoned person < Old English brēothan go to ruin] …   Useful english dictionary

  • broth — brȯth n, pl broths brȯths, brȯthz 1) liquid in which meat or sometimes vegetable food has been cooked 2) a fluid culture medium * * * (broth) 1. a thin soup prepared by boiling meat or vegetables. 2. a liquid culture medium for the cultivation …   Medical dictionary

  • broth — [ brɔθ ] noun uncount 1. ) OLD FASHIONED soup, especially when it is considered to be good for you: beef broth 2. ) a liquid used for giving flavor when cooking …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • broth — [brôth, bräth] n. [ME & OE; akin to OHG brod: for IE base see BREAD] a clear, thin soup made by boiling meat, or sometimes cereals or vegetables, in water …   English World dictionary

  • broth|er — «BRUHTH uhr», noun, plural broth|ers or (Archaic) breth|ren, adjective, verb. –n. 1. a) the son of the same parents. A boy is a brother to the other children of his parents. »He is in a family of four brothers. b) the son only of the same mother… …   Useful english dictionary

  • broth — O.E. broþ, from P.Gmc. *bruthan (Cf. O.H.G. *brod), from verb root *bhreue to heat, boil, bubble, liquid in which something has been boiled (Cf. O.E. breowan to brew; see BREW (Cf. brew)). Picked up from Germanic by the Romanic and Celtic… …   Etymology dictionary

  • broth — [n] soup, usually clear borscht, bouillon, bowl, brew, chowder, concoction, consommé, decoction, dishwater*, distillation, elixir, fluid, gumbo, hodge podge*, olio, porridge, potage, potpourri, pottage, puree, splash, stock, vichyssoise; concepts …   New thesaurus

  • broth — ► NOUN 1) soup consisting of meat or vegetable chunks cooked in stock. 2) a liquid nutrient medium for the culture of bacteria. ORIGIN Old English, related to BREW(Cf. ↑brewer) …   English terms dictionary

  • -broth — noun (Scot) ▪ Strong ale ▪ Whisky ● barley …   Useful english dictionary

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